The freezing of the sanctions imposed on the government in Tehran, following the tensions derived from the implementation of the national nuclear program is the basis of diplomatic detente and the gradual Iran's economic opening to the world.

Before the last round of sanctions Italy was the first European trading partner and one of the countries most involved in exchanges with Iran. In the last two years business contacts were intensified again, reaching US $ 1.52 billion of our exports and US $ 546 million of imports. The needs and demands of the Iranian system blend particularly well with the Italian excellence. Based on the analysis conducted by the Economic Observatory of Boston M.I.T., the 68% of Italian exports in this country is made up of industrial machinery and parts. Followed by chemicals and medicines, with 12%, processed products and semi-finished metal with 4.6%, medical and electro medical equipment with 3.4%, stone and glass products with 2.3%.

Despite the volatility of the political situation and the potential barriers caused by cultural and social peculiarities of the country, Iran has been rightly placed by the main economic analysts between the Next 11, i.e. between the eleven developing states, with greater economic attractiveness. The economic fundamentals of the country system are enviable: the geographical position is strategic. The population is very large (80 million), young (more than 60% under 30 years), fully literate and with a high degree of schooling. The high GDP, and stable economic situation, supported by oil revenues, a good per capita income and a propensity to consume, rising sharply. In addition, political authorities, after years of neglect, finally placed the country's economic development and renovation of infrastructure and key sectors of the economy as a priority.

Although during the period covered by the sanctions Western economies have lost ground to those in Asia, Iranian government considers Italy as a point of privileged access to Western markets and proven reliability as a trading partner, so it is expected that our exports will double by 2018, reaching a value of over 3 billion euros. For Italian companies, the sectors of special interest because susceptible to important future developments are the provision of very different kinds machinery, metallurgy, food processing, pharmaceutical and electro-medical, furniture, construction, renewable energy, cosmetics, tourism and the opening of franchise business.

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